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German Mountain Combat
Gebirgs Units in World War II
214 pages; 13 chapters and 5 appendixes
German Army mountain combat in World War II was simultaneously a
true combat art form, and the center of innovative combat development.
German Mountain Combat describes in greater detail the origins and
development of German Army mountain warfare technology. It includes
a special emphasis on World War II mountain warfare unit organization
and tactics, as well as mountaineering techniques. Copiously illustrated,
this manual provides precise instruction on the German ideas regarding
varieties of mountain climbing and cliff assault. At the same time, the e-book
offers some description of German Mountain and Jager Divisions, as well
as their weapons, tactics, and equipment. Nearly every page has a photograph
or drawing, which will enable the reader to more easily visualize the sometimes arcane methods and thought processes
described therein. German Mountain Combat is a book that describes World War II levels of military technology.
However, those same levels of technology are just as useful today, because mountain warfare is timeless. Mountain
terrain and ruggedness precludes the use of modern technology.
“In late July and August 1941, the foot mobile 49th Corps, subordinate to the German 17th Army, maneuvered along a
corridor thirty miles wide and sixty miles long. The mountain corps was participating in an operational level campaign to
destroy two powerful Soviet armies, the 6th and 12th. The German 1st Mountain Division was organized into three battle
groups for the fight.
The task of mopping up the Soviet fragments ended on 13 August 1941. "The final tally showed that on the field of battle
lay more than 18,500 dead Russian soldiers and that in addition to guns and tanks over 4700 lorries and 4000 horses
had been taken. Two Red armies, consisting of four infantry corps and three armored corps, a total of twenty-five
divisions, had been destroyed." Over 5,000 men of the 49th Mountain Corps were casualties too.
Not until 7th August 1941, did the 49th Mountain Corps manage to encircle, defeat and finally capture about 100,000
Russians in a pocket near Uman. Many Red Army troops, who were surrounded in the Uman Pocket, mutinied and
slaughtered their officers and commissars as they prepared to join the Germans in the war against communism.
Soviet NKVD (secret police) regiments attacked and overcame the Red Army's Uman Pocket mutineers in pitched battles.
Then the NKVD rounded up hundreds of surviving Soviet mutineers, bound their wrists behind their backs, and liquidated
them. NKVD killing fields full of slaughtered Red Army mutineers were found by conquering troops of the German 1st
Mountain Division. The NKVD had even taken time to torture many of them.”
Excerpt from German Mountain Combat
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