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German Paratroop Operations
The Fallschirmjäger Elite, WW2
225 pages; 22 chapters and 2 appendices
German Paratroop Operations is a somewhat comprehensive e-book,
which is crammed into just over 200 short pages. The e-book focuses upon
what the Germans learned from their paratroop operations, and how they
defeated foreign paratroop incursions. Yet, German Paratroop
Operations is more than a detailed exposition of German paratroop
related tactics; it also describes French and Soviet paratroop operations
of WW2. Although thousands of German paratroop POWs were murdered
by their British, French and American captors from 1945-50, the valor and
accomplishments of that elite force could never be smeared by hypocritical
propaganda. That is why German Paratroop Operations also includes
descriptions of some of the best German paratroop generals and a
detailed military analysis by one of Germany’s military geniuses, Field
Marshal Albert Kesselring.
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"At first the German airborne troops placed too much emphasis on the nature of the terrain at the drop point. Practical
experiences during the war showed that well-trained troops can make combat jumps anywhere, except in terrain without
cover where enemy fire is likely to engage the paratroops immediately after landing. Moreover, rocky terrain is particularly
unfavorable. A landing in woods presents no difficulties in jumping technique, although it makes assembly very difficult
after the jump.
During training, German paratroopers frequently jumped into wooded areas, but in combat only once in the Ardennes
operation in 1944. It is also possible to land among groups of houses, that is, on roofs. Of course, this requires special
training and equipment. The paratrooper must be able to cling to the roof with the aid of grappling hooks and quickly cut
an opening in the roof so that he can make his way into the house.
Regular training in night jumping first began in 1942 and soon produced good results. After 1943, the requirements for
the award of the paratrooper’s insignia after the completion of training included at least one jump at night. In combat,
night jumps were made by the Germans on only one occasion, during the Ardennes operation. Night jumping presented
two main difficulties, locating the drop point, and establishing contact after jumping. For locating the drop point which had
to be reached accurately by every airplane within a few hundred yards, the radio-control procedure customary in night
bombing operations was not satisfactory since it was too inaccurate and led to many errors."
Excerpt from German Paratroop Operations